Mental Health Issue Of Anxiety Disorder For Children And Young People

Introduction

It is in the reality of life that people have to face different forms of challenges throughout their lives. Undoubtedly, it is a challenge for someone to efficiently deal with the various social and psychological issues. It is notable to mention that challenging conditions in life sometimes leads individuals to the severe form of mental illness. The prospect of psychological ailment can appear in many ways, and it is crucial to understand that anxiety disorder is one of the major psychological issues, which comes up with different types of considerations. It is imperative to understand the true meaning of the anxiety to deal with this form of the disorder effectively. Stress can be defined as the one human emotion, which appears due to the situations of fear and uncertainty in someone’s life. The facet related to the approach of the anxiety disorder is that it is different from the usual form of anxiety in daily life and requires proper treatment to address this issue adequately (Baer, 2015).

Adequate prevention from the anxiety disorder is crucial and mandatory to maintain the balance life position. The point of anxiety disorder can be better addressed by understanding all the aspects associated with this particular problem. The specific approach to the anxiety disorder can be identified as the mental state that exists due to the significant feelings of anxiety or fear. It affects people in which they worry about the prospects, and it also creates the sense of dread as the reaction of the current events. Today, the problem of anxiety disorder is immensely evident in young people’s lives around the globe. Many social, economic, and psychological factors are the main reason for the prevalence of the anxiety disorder in the adolescent population (Cuijpers et al., 2014). Here, the focus is to utilise the approach of summative assessment by critically discussing the issue of anxiety disorder in young people and adopting the method of the early intervention in the form of summative evaluation.

Discussion

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It is a right time for the world to understand the severity associated with the issue of anxiety disorder in young people. The growing number of anxiety disorders in young individuals is an alarming situation as it restricts victims to function in their lives properly. Young people are considered as the future of the nation, so their physical and psychological well-being should be the priority to a balanced approach to their growth and development in life. A proper understanding of the early interventions can only achieve this particular facet.

The Biopsychosocial Basis of the Anxiety Disorder

Proper consideration of the biopsychological model is crucial to understand the causes of the dominant issue of anxiety disorder. It also helps to propose the viable solution in the form of treatment to effectively and efficiently deal with this form of mental illness. The approach of the biopsychological model is used by psychologists to figure out how someone is feeling when they are suffering from the problem of anxiety disorder. The model of the biopsychological helps to understand the main reason for the occurrence of anxiety disorder in any individuals (Muse, 2017). The issue of anxiety disorder can exist due to many reasons such as imbalance approach of the brain, traumatic experiences from the past, inadequate or inappropriate approach to parenting. It is crucial to understand that anxiety disorder is one complex phenomenon, which is directly associated with the different forms of biological, psychological, economic, and social factors, which are all connected with each other. These therefore ultimately becomes the reason for the generation of the anxiety disorders. It is crucial to understand that the biopsychological basis provides the approach to the issue of the anxiety disorder which is the result of multiple and interrelated causes. These causes are identified under the categories of biological, psychological, and environmental or social aspects.

Early Intervention Strategies

Particular strategies, involving the feature of early intervention, are considered as the essential approach to effectively deal with the problem of anxiety disorder in the case of young people. Statistics indicate that anxiety disorder is the most common prevailing problem in young people, which exist due to many reasons (Haller, Kadosh, Scerif & Lau, 2015). It is crucial to mention that the existing feature of anxiety in childhood can actively lead to the issue of anxiety disorder in an adolescent. Australia is considered to have the highest statistics in anxiety disorders, which shows that there is no adequate form of improvement involving the population of the young people (Morgan, Rapee & Bayer, 2016). There is the immediate need of the proper consideration and implementation of the necessary intervention strategies to identify the actual social and psychological needs for the young people to overcome the issue of anxiety disorder as early as possible.

The approach of the early intervention is critical to understand the problem of anxiety disorder in young people and propose timely and appropriate solutions in the most effective manner (Lissek et al., 2014). The facet of the victims of the issue of anxiety can be characterised in three major categories to define the intervention more effectively. The first group is based on the young individuals who currently suffer from the problem of anxiety, but they never come up with the approach of early intervention in their childhood. The second category involves such victims who although received early intervention, they continue to suffer from the issue of anxiety disorder in their life. The third group identifies those young individuals who currently not suffer from the problem of anxiety disorder, but there is high risk for them to become a victim of the anxiety.

The prospect of early interventions can be broadly explained with the consideration of three main classes. These three important approaches include parenting programs, child-focused programs, and the facet of the multi-component programs. Parenting program assists explicitly the parents or the family to adequately address the issue of anxiety disorder in kids or adolescents. The specific form of training and skills approach is provided to the parents, which helps them to understand the feature of anxiety in case of young people (Ginsburg, Drake, Tein, Teetsel & Riddle, 2015). The objective of the child-focus program is to give the necessary direction to the child or the young person to overcome the issue of anxiety. This particular technique of early intervention involves the aspect of the skill-based training of the young individuals, which is established in school settings. A multi-component program is another essential paradigm, which comes up with the consideration of multiple interventions to address the phenomenon of anxiety disorder most effectively and systematically (Mayo-Wilson et al., 2014). It can be explained as the specific approach in which there is the possibility to target the entire school setting to assess and adequately address the problem of anxiety disorder. The proper consideration of the home and the whole community can also be one viable option when it comes to the multi-component early intervention program.

Analysis of Intervention Strategies

Proper assessment and evaluation of the early intervention strategies are crucial to adequately address the widespread problem of anxiety disorder in case of children and young adults. The approach of the critical analysis of different early interventions helps to make inferences about the effectiveness of the various responses. It also helps to figure out which early intervention is more suitable than the other in the particular setting with the consideration of the social and psychological approach of young individuals.

It is essential to understand, that young individuals are going through with the phase of transition in their early years of adolescence. This particular feature of change affects the association between children and the parents. The specific early intervention approach in the form of the parenting program can be a better practical option to maintain positive child-parent communication between young individuals and parents. This form of interaction can be helpful to identify the issue of anxiety disorder and parents can assist their children to deal with the problem effectively (Morgan, Rapee & Bayer, 2016). The focus of this sort of intervention is to enhance the feature of proper parenting monitoring which ultimately improves children’s growth.

A victim-focused intervention program for the children or the young people is another significant form of intervention strategy, which can be used to address the problem of anxiety disorder adequately. This specific approach is mostly associated with the school setting as it is considered as the natural aspect to access many young individuals at one place. This intervention strategy can be useful as a significant portion of the young people who might suffer from the problem of anxiety disorder or facing the enormous risk to become the victim of this psychological problem. The consideration of the school setting is crucial because it is one social institute after the family environment which plays a significant role in the development process of the young individuals. Children focused intervention strategies expand the consideration of the stakeholders. The purpose of the teachers and the overall management of the school is also crucial to understand the mental state of the young individuals who suffer from the problem of anxiety in their lives. It also proposes the idea to all the stakeholders including children to adopt better options for growth and development to overcome the anxiety which appears in different forms. The strategy of the child-focused programs focuses on the implementation of the various protective factors. This form of involvement is based on the aspect of the various classroom activities, which encourage children to socially interact with other individuals and adopt the features of problem-solving skills in their lives (Werner-Seidler, Perry, Calear, Newby & Christensen, 2017). The multi-component program can be considered as the better solution to the different behavioural problem of the young people, which can be identified as the risk factor for the anxiety disorder.

The overall consideration of the multiple strategies plays an active role in the early intervention to deal with the issue of anxiety disorder or the problem of emotional behaviour disorder (EBD). It can be developed as the idea to enhance the communication between young people, and the teachers and parents. The issue of the advance behavioural problem, which might appear in the form of anxiety disorder, can be identified and addressed with the adoption of the practical way of a behavioural management strategy for young people.

Legal or Ethical Consideration

It is crucial to understand that no early intervention strategy can be useful or successful without the essential consideration of the different legal and ethical features. It is the proper approach to use ethical and appropriate language to indicate the mental illness of the young individuals to them or their parents, which appears in the form of the anxiety disorders. There should be a documentation form of the code of conduct with the consideration of the legal aspects when it comes to sharing sensitive information with the victim or their family members. Informed consent is the one approach, which needs to be established by the healthcare providers when it comes to providing treatment to the issue of mental illness such as anxiety disorder (Sue, Sue, Sue & Sue, 2015). Parents are the primary stakeholders in the case of the young people, and it is evident for the psychologists to maintain the necessary approach in reassuring the confidentiality of information.

Conclusion

To conclude the discussion about the summative assessment of the anxiety disorder in the form of early intervention strategy, it is crucial to mention that the prevalence of the anxiety disorder in young people is based on different biological, psychological, and social factors. It is vital for the psychologists to critically identify and assess all the features, which can be the reason for the anxiety disorder in young individuals. This form of assessment ultimately helps them to conduct the most suitable early intervention strategy to treat the issue of anxiety disorder effectively and efficiently. The specific approaches to the parenting program, child-focused program, and multi-component program can be considered as the better solution to deal with the issue of anxiety disorder according to the specific needs of the situation.

References

Baer, R. A. (2015). Mindfulness-Based Treatment Approaches: Clinician’s Guide to Evidence Base and Applications. Elsevier Science. Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?id=4NrK3IGkOg8C

Cuijpers, P., Sijbrandij, M., Koole, S., Huibers, M., Berking, M., &Anderson, G. (2014). Psychological treatment of generalized anxiety disorder: a meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 34(2), 130-140.

Ginsburg, G. S., Drake, K. L., Tein, J. Y., Teetsel, R., & Riddle, M. A. (2015). Preventing the onset of anxiety disorder in offspring of anxious parents: a randomized controlled trial of a family-based intervention. American Journal of Psychiatry, 172(12), 1207-1214.

Haller, S. P., Kadosh, K. C., Scerif, G., & Lau, J. Y. (2015). Social anxiety disorder in adolescence: How developmental cognitive neuroscience findings may shape understanding and interventions for psychopathology. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 13, 11-20.

Lissek, S., Kaczkurkin, A. N., Rabin, S., Geraci, M., Pine, D. S., & Grillon, C. (2014). Generalized anxiety disorder is associated with overgeneralization of classically conditioned fear. Biological Psychiatry, 75(11), 909-915.

Mayo-Wilson, E., Dias, S., Mavranezouli, I., Kew, K., Clark, D. M., Ades, A. E., & Pilling, S. (2014). Psychological and pharmacological interventions for social anxiety disorder in adults: a systematic review and network meta-analysis. The Lancet Psychiatry, 1(5), 368-376.

Morgan, A. J., Rapee, R. M., & Bayer, J. K. (2016). Prevention and early intervention of anxiety problems in young children: a pilot evaluation of Cool Little Kids Online. Internet Interventions, 4, 105-112.

Muse, M. (2017). Cognitive Behavioral Psychopharmacology: The Clinical Practice of Evidence-Based Biopsychosocial Integration. Wiley. Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?id=1To2DwAAQBAJ

Sue, D., Sue, D. W., Sue, S., & Sue, D. M. (2015). Understanding abnormal behaviour. Cengage Learning.

Werner-Seidler, A., Perry, Y., Calear, A. L., Newby, J. M., & Christensen, H. (2017). School-based depression and anxiety prevention programs for young people: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review, 51, 30-47.